1. What Is Sufficient To Establish Reasonable Suspicion?

    Any criminal lawyer knows that before a law enforcement officer, who lacks probable cause to arrest, can detain someone and thereby curtail his or her freedom of movement, he must first have reasonable suspicion to believe that criminal activity is afoot. Reasonable suspicion must be based on "specific and articulable facts" that leads the officer to believe that (1) a crime has been, is being, or…Read More

  2. What’s a Motion to Suppress Evidence?

    A motion to suppress evidence is a formal request to determine the legality of the search and seizure of the evidence. This particular motion finds its legal authority in the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution which provides, "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warran…Read More

  3. Police-Citizen Encounters Explained

    The Fourth Amendment protects us from unreasonable search and seizures by government actors (e.g., police). To be exact, the Fourth Amendment states: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particul…Read More